Complexity, Issues, Institutional entrepreneurship, Management, Social entrepreneurship, Social innovation
Descriptive or analytical case
This case charts the course of Don Francis, a pioneer and, for more than 20 years, an activist in the promotion of an AIDS vaccine. It focuses on two issues: (1) the personal and professional trajectory of Don Francis as a social/institutional entrepreneur in the public, private, and non-profit sectors; and (2) the challenges of crossing boundaries between the public, business, not-for-profit, scientific, political and economic arenas.
Don Francis is widely recognized as one of the most significant figures in keeping the hope for finding an AIDS vaccine alive in spite of numerous challenges. These challenges are rooted in the scientific/technical aspect of AIDS vaccine research, the social value placed on curative rather than preventive measures, lack of a coordinated scientific strategy, competition rather than collaboration among research groups, low interest by industry and governments of rich countries in investing in vaccine research and generally inadequate funding for the enormous task at hand. In addition to his continuing passion for finding an AIDS vaccine, his other legacies include the development of the standard components of an AIDS Control Program that are currently applied around the world: (a) voluntary and counselling testing (VCT) centres for AIDS; (b) blood screening by blood banks; and (c) sex education.
The purpose of this case is two-fold. First, it undertakes to follow the trajectory of Don Francis, a social entrepreneur in the public, private and non-profit sectors. Second, it aims to expose students to the complexities and controversy involved in the quest for an AIDS vaccine.