This case study focuses on the Montreal Community Loan Fund (ACEM), which fights poverty and exclusion through the administration of community credit. More specifically, ACEM provides training and offers loans to marginalized and vulnerable people for pre-start-up, start-up, and consolidation of businesses. The case describes ACEM’s recent history and how the organization long chose to increase the scale of community credit services through collaborations and partnerships, avoiding for decades the need to grow its own organization. In 2012, ACEM broke with tradition and launched its own scaling process to double its size.
The case thus describes an organization trying to stay focused on its social mission and core values while ensuring its own financial stability and protecting the interests of the network of independent community credit organizations that it co-founded. It thus provides an opportunity to discuss the variants of scaling and the challenges faced by a growing not-for-profit organization.
The case ends by describing a dilemma regarding ACEM’s financial instability. Students will be asked to make a decision regarding the current scaling process and propose a sustainable model that will make ACEM less dependent on government grants while respecting its core values.
Coopératisme, Responsabilité sociale de l'entreprise
Agriculture, foresterie, pêche et chasse
Not long after John, BeautifulCoffee’s (BC) newly appointed producer partnership manager, began his evaluation of the business relationship between BC and its coffee producer organization in Nepal, he realized that the relationship fell far short of internationally recognized fair trade standards. Furthermore, production quality was low because of poor management at DCF-Gulmi. BC was investing substantial resources in helping the local community in Nepal, and the term “fair trade” had significant appeal to Korea’s ethical consumer segment. The fact that BC was unable to guarantee that DCF-Gulmi was being managed according to a democratic governance system – a key requirement for fair trade certification – raised legitimacy concerns for BC. John had to decide whether to prioritize social or business considerations. If he decided to prioritize the business aspect of fair trade, he would need to replace the partner supplier with a fair-trade certified, democratically run organization with the management capability to provide high-quality coffee beans. If this path was chosen, BC would still make a positive contribution to the well-being of coffee farmers – somewhere else – but would not help DCF-Gulmi improve its current situation, leaving it worse off than it was before it partnered with BC. Alternatively, BC could maintain its relationship with DCF-Gulmi, deepening its commitment to helping the farmers’ organization improve its quality management capability and comply with fair trade standards. But this would require a larger financial and human resource commitment to pay for the recruitment and training of personnel with the necessary expertise in organizational change, co-operative management, and capacity building. Students will discuss the moral and strategic issues surrounding these two choices.
Autres services (sauf les administrations publiques)
Read the English abstract
Couvrant une période de vingt ans, ce cas examine les défis qu’affronte un organisme communautaire à but non lucratif représentatif de son milieu pour remplir sa mission et équilibrer son budget dans un contexte de subventions de plus en plus exigeant et concurrentiel. Il étudie les enjeux rencontrés quand des OBNL similaires s’orientent vers la croissance malgré un financement précaire et les attentes divergentes des intéressés. Il examine aussi les décisions souvent difficiles et paradoxales que leurs gestionnaires doivent prendre pour assurer leur survie.
Petit organisme à but non lucratif issu de sa communauté, Santropol Roulant (SR) offre un service de repas chauds à domicile à des personnes en perte d’autonomie. Fondé en 1995, SR a pour mission de fournir cet important service communautaire tout en permettant à des jeunes d’acquérir une expérience valable de travail et de leadership. Malgré de nombreux reculs, la plupart semblables à ceux que subissent d’autres OBNL, SR a réussi à croître et à prospérer sans perdre ses valeurs, et a célébré son 20e anniversaire en 2015.
This case examines the challenges faced by a grassroots non-profit struggling to carry out its mission and stabilize its finances in an increasingly competitive and demanding funding environment over a twenty-year period. It examines the issues faced by non-profits as they chart a course for growth despite precarious funding and divergent stakeholder expectations, examining the often difficult and paradoxical decisions that non-profit managers must make to ensure the survival of their organizations.
Santropol Roulant (SR) is a small, community-based non-profit offering a meals-on-wheels service to individuals living with a loss of autonomy. Founded in 1995, SR’s mission is to provide an important service to the community while enabling young people to gain valuable work and leadership experience. Despite numerous setbacks, many typical of those encountered by grassroots non-profits, SR managed to grow and thrive without compromising its “ethos” and happily celebrated its 20th anniversary in 2015.
Environnement, Autres services (sauf les administrations publiques)
The collective waste production of small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs) provides an incredible contribution to the degradation of ecological systems. However, the investigation of environmental impact focuses predominantly on large firms, leaving a void in understanding how smaller firms manage this critical area. This paper uses a case study approach to investigate the creative and proactive steps taken by SMEs to improve environmental performance beyond compliance expectations. Strategic choice theory, key events and circumstances concerning automotive repair businesses operating in a Northwest Baltimore City region are analyzed. Specifically, this case concludes that the key strategic actions taken by the repair shops to address their environmental impact on the regional watershed, such as alliance formation, cooptation, environmental enactment, and sharing of organizational resources, have led to increased ecoliteracy, better environmental performance, and overall enhanced business practices.
Ce cas illustre l'importance d'une cohésion coopérative comme facteur central dans la gestion de ce type d'organisation. Cette cohésion est d'abord associative, ensuite «association-entreprise», et finalement stratégique. Le cas d'Agropur présente d'abord l'effritement de cette cohésion au sein de cette coopérative mondialement reconnue pour son équilibre coopératif. Le processus de consultation entrepris par le conseil d'administration pour recréer cette cohésion est ensuite présenté. Les étudiants sont finalement placés en situation de membres du conseil pour élaborer une proposition à être soumise à l'assemblée générale.